Five freedoms for keeping your pet happy and healthy - The Community Leader and Real Estate New and Views


Pets can bring so much joy and companionship to our lives. As responsible pet owners, it is important that we give our pets a safe, happy and healthy life to the best of our abilities. The RSPCA has a list of the five freedoms essential to wellbeing, which outline the areas in which we can ensure our pets are well cared for.

Freedom from hunger and thirst

Your pet needs a complete and balanced diet appropriate for their life stage. Depending on your pet’s requirements there should be a balance of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals to provide the necessary daily requirements. It is important that your pet not be over or under weight as both states can cause health issues. A supply of clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

Freedom from discomfort
Your pet needs shelter from wind, rain, hot sun and colder temperatures. Smaller animals should be kept in housing that offers protection from predators. Housing should be as large and comfortable as possible, and there should be a supply of appropriate clean, dry bedding or substrate.

Freedom from pain and injury
Pet owners are obligated to seek medical attention for their pets when necessary – this includes both treatment for injuries and illness and preventative care where possible. Animals demonstrating a loss of appetite, difficulty moving, rapid weight loss, vomiting, diarrhoea, eye/ear or nasal discharge or any lumps and bumps should be seen by a veterinarian. Prevention of disease through a parasite control and vaccination program should be discussed with your vet.

Freedom to express normal behaviour
Animals should have the opportunity to move and exercise as appropriate for their species and age. Environmental enrichment with exercise, toys and games can help animals to demonstrate normal behaviours.

Freedom from fear and distress
It is important to be aware of your pet’s mental and emotional needs. Animals should not be left unattended for extended periods as they may become anxious and destructive.

Providing a home of love and understanding of your pet’s physical, mental, and behavioural needs will help keep your pet happy and healthy for as long as possible and ensure the development and maintenance of the human/animal bond.

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